Ganesh Chaturthi is one of the major festivals of the Hindus which is celebrated in the whole country, specially in the Maharashtra. It is celebrated as the birthday of Lord Ganesha. It falls on the Shukla Chaturthi during the Hindu month of Bhadrapada. It ends on the Anant Chaturdashi.
It is one of the most colorful and widely celebrated festivals in India. Most people prefer to call pandits to enjoy a stress free puja at their home on the day of Ganesh Chaturthi. They start by performing the Ganesh Sthapna, majority of the people also prefer to perform the rituals by them-selves with sampoorna bhavna and prem.
Pooja or Puja simply means the traditional way of worshipping a God.
Before entering the puja room, people/family members/attendees should take proper bath, wear clean clothes and bring a small offering of flowers or fruits. Generally fruits are known as prashads. Fruits like bananas, mangos, sweet limes, pomegranates and jackfruit are used as prashads. One can prepare sheera as a prashad as well.
Once done with the first step, members prepare the kalash:
Take a kalash and fill it with clean drinking water,
Add to the water 1 supari
To the water add Rs. 1, 25 paise coins, haldi and kumkum, some attar (perfume oil), place 5 paan leaves, and finally the coconut.
Decorate the coconut and the paan leaves with haldi and kumkum.
Once done with the preparations, decoration and preparation of the sthaan begings. This sthan is a place where Ganpati will sit. To prepare the sthan spread a handful of kacha rice grains on the place. Over the rice grains, place one supaari. Whenthe supari is placed, put some haldi and kumkum on the supari. Over that place some dakshina. Chant some Ganesha mantras or Recite “Ganpati Bappa Moriya”, we must place the Ganpati Idol over this preparation.
The worship begins with the “Sthapana” (establishment) of the idol. Now invoke Ganesha into the image. This is usually known as pran-prathishta. The Pran Prathista mantra in Sanskrit to be invoked is found in the Rig Veda and is part of Ganesh Suktha. This is one of the important step.
Then recite the following mantra:
ganananh tva ganapatim havamahe kavim kavinam – upamashravastamam |
jyeshhtharajam brahmanan.h brahmanaspata A nah shrivnvannutibhih sida sadanam ||
(Rig Veda 2.23.1)
ni shhu sida ganapate ganeshhu tvamahurvipratamam kavinam |
na rite tvat.h kriyate kinchanare mahamarkam maghavan.h chitramarcha || (Rig Veda 10.112.9)
We invoke You, O Ganapati of the ganas (Lord Shiva attendants), Who are Brahmana-spati of the brahmas (prayers), the wisest among the wise, Who abound in treasure beyond all measure, the most brilliant one. Do listen to our prayers, come with Your blessings and assurances of protection into our home, and be seated. (Rig Veda 2.23.1)
Sit down among the worshippers, O Ganapati, the best sage among the sages. Without You nothing can be done here or far. Accept with honor, O wealthy One, our great and variegated hymns of praise. (Rig Veda 10.112.9)